الرد على الشبهة:
أخذوا ذلك من فهم مغلوط لآيات سورة الإسراء:(وإن كادوا ليفتنونك عن الذى أوحينا إليك لتفترى علينا غيره وإذًا لاتخذوك خليلا * ولولا أن ثبتناك لقد كدت تركن إليهم شيئًا قليلاً * إذًا لأذقناك ضعف الحياة وضعف الممات ثم لا تجد لك علينا نصيرًا ) (1).
بعض ما قيل فى سبب نزول هذه الآية أن وفد ثقيف قالوا للرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم أجّلنا سنة حتى نقبض ما يهدى لآلهتنا من (الأصنام) فإذا قبضنا ذلك كسرناها وأسلمنا ، فهَمّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بقبول ذلك فنزلت الآية.
قوله تعالى: " كدت تركن إليهم " أى هممت أو قاربت أن تميل لقبول ما عرضوه عليك لولا تثبيت الله لك بالرشد والعصمة ، ولو فعلت لعذبناك ضعف عذاب الحياة وعذاب الممات ؛ يعنى: قاربت أن تستجيب لما عرضوه لكنك بتثبيت الله لم تفعل لعصمة الله لك.
وكل مَنْ هُمْ على مقربة من الثقافة الإسلامية يعرفون أن " الهمّ " أى المقاربة لشىء دون القيام به أو الوقوع فيه لا يعتبر معصية ولا جزاء عليه وهو مما وضع عن الأمة وجاء به ما صح عن النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم قوله:
(وضع عن أمتى ما حدثت به نفسها ما لم تعمل به أو تتكلم به) ، وعليه.. فإنه لا إثم ولا شىء يؤخذ على محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم فى ذلك.
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المراجع

(1) الإسراء: 73-75.
refuting this suspicion

those polytheists understood a verse from the quran in a wrong way. now we will introduce this verse and explain :
verily, they were about to tempt you away from that which we have revealed (the qur'an) unto you (o muhammad ), to fabricate something other than it against us, and then they would certainly have taken you a friend! * and had we not made you stand firm, you would nearly have inclined to them a little.* in that case, we would have made you taste a double portion (of punishment) in this life and a double portion (of punishment) after death. and then you would have found none to help you against us. ( al israa’: 73-75)

the reason of this verse was because a legation from “thakeef” ( one of makkah’s tribes) came to the prophet saying:” if you just wait one year till we get what will be given to our “gods” ( stone statues). once we get all the presents we will destroy them and embrace islam.
the prophet almost accepted their offer but allah protected him and made him stand firm.
when the almighty allah says:” you would nearly have inclined to them a little “, that means: you were near to change your mind but allah protected you with sanity and infallibility. but if you would have accepted their idea, allah wouldn’t forgive you for that.
and all who know the islamic culture, know that “ to incline” ; being near to do the action without doing it, isn’t a sin and doesn’t cause punishment.
this is clear in the prophet’s hadith:” no one is punished for his thoughts unless they turn into actions.”
we conclude that muhammad (pbuh) didn’t commit a mistake because of his infallibility given to him by allah.
منقول